There is controversy and debate about the need for vaccination.

There is no doubt that vaccination has been a most effective tool in the prevention of disease, especially in curtailment of epidemics. Vaccine is a wonderful advancement in modern medicine.

However despite this efficacy, the vaccination process needs to be treated as if the animal is being given a disease to counteract or prevent a disease.

This is classic a homeopathic principle where like is treated with like. It is my opinion that the original vaccination idea (small pox vaccination using cow pox to protect against human small pox) was gained from the homeopathic physicians prevalent at the time.

Monty, seen above aged 15 yo , was not vaccinated after age 5 , he was titre tested and antibody levels remaied high. His immunity, however was regularly reinforced by his attendance on the main street of Mooloolooba, particularly outside the bakery.

Dr Charissa prefers to vaccinate puppies at 8 week, 12 weeks and 16 weeks then to give titre testing every 12 months from then on. Puppies leaving home early may need earlier initial vaccines. This protocol is best discussed with the vet. If gong into a kennel, Kennel cough vaccine should be given regularly every year, or 2 weeks before kennelling. Note: kennel cough vaccine does not cover influenza which may have similar symptoms to kennel cough. Dr Charissa recommends de stressing herbal tea in the food the night before and during kennelling e.g. lemon balm and passionflower.

Antibody titre tests for core vaccines are available at Acacia Animal Care for dogs and cats. These tests are done in house and preventative titres may stand instead of core vaccines for 12 months. They do not include AIDS, Leukaemia or Kennel cough or Canine Influenza. If titres are high, the will not need to be vaccinated for 12 months.

Leptospiral vaccination may be necessary, the type of bacteria needs to defined first. Is carried by rats which give it to cattle, pets may get it from cattle and rat urine.

Aids and leukaemia titres can be performed; titres to these diseases can be high while the pet is carrying the diseases so they do not guarantee protection.

Detailed health assessment must be made by a veterinarian before vaccination, and sick animals should not be vaccinated under normal conditions. Epidemic and life threatening situations may override this. Sick animals include those with a high temperature, infected mouths from decaying teeth, infected skin or vomiting and diarrheal and coughing, poor testicles or infectious vaginal discharge or incontinence, and those having major internal surgery. Vaccination is a matter of deep concern, the more information obtained, the more importance must be placed on veterinary opinion in each individual case. Were the animal is diseased or frail, it is even more important to have titre tests perfumed so as to avoid vaccines if possible. If titres are low, then health is best optimised before vaccine, especially if the animal is to be kennelled.

Monovalent or single disease vaccines are preferable to multiple disease doses, and time should elapse between each vaccination. However, at the moment there are few monovalent vaccines available. Monovalent killed parvo vaccine exists, it is however inadequate as a first vaccine and will not replace the live vaccine.

Unless vaccinating at a young age where the need for vaccine is almost certain, blood tests should be taken before vaccination from 12 months old onwards, to make sure that the animals needs the interference. These blood tests at the moment measure antibody titres, it is expected that tests will become more sophisticated with time. Recognition of the need to use vaccine only if necessary becomes more prevalent: Awareness of possible side effects of vaccination in animals which are already immune, effects of excipients in vaccines and of multiple vaccinations at the same time will increase.

Research shows that dogs over 2 years old will only need vaccinating for distemper at a maximum every 3 years; parvo virus is usually only a disease of animals under 3 years old. However, this is not always the case, and all care should be taken.

At present monovalent vaccine protocols and pre testing may be more expensive than protocols offered routinely in veterinary surgeries. As more people request these procedures, the price will drop. If a pet has negative tires, it may still need vaccination.

Technology will change, and nanotech vaccination may be in the future. Side effects of this need to be thoroughly researched before it is commenced.

For those who do not wish to consider all the options, and want a simple "get it over with and go home" protocol, or have very limited time or money to spend on the animals , then a simple yearly vaccination with no questions asked, and a basic health check before vaccination, is better than no vaccination.

Attachments to this website contain information provided by veterinarians, links to vaccination research.

“Are we vaccinating too much?” JAVMA, No. 4, August 15, 1995, pg. 421. Ron Schulz

Homeopathic Viral Prevention

This does not replace vaccination. It is not vaccination. Observations and some preliminary research suggest it may be useful in assisting in preventing some diseases, and that there is some evidence that homeopathic treatment may alter antibody levels. This is not however predictable as there are other variables which have not been defined. There has been extensive human disease prevention in Cuba with homeopathic methods; this treatment has not been as effective as vaccination, yet more effective than non vaccination. More information is available on the homeopathy page of this website